Micronesian fishing techniqe.

edited June 2014 in General
What are some the fishing technique the people in the carolines uses? What are some of the ancient technique the islands in yap or chuuk uses. for us in the atolls of the ralik and ratak there are over a dozens that the ancient used and modern marshallese still employ to this day. All islands either in polynesia or melenesia have techniques that their ancestors developed. I know some marshallese techniques that the atoll dwellers of either mwoakilloa,kapinga,pinglep and even chuuk can use and achieve the same results. I like to know what the people of kabilong/carolines used and I can share some marshallese ones with you.
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Comments

  • Micronesians now day use the "store" technique. That's where you go to a local market or store and select fishes from the racks. Works every time for me.
  • I think some marshallese and Carolinian are using dynamite, coral rock fish traps and etc.
  • Whoami,
    Before you go and tell these kabilongese some of those technique first take caution! Some those methods are sacred and are tied with the old believe systems here in the marshall's. Some of those methods belong to the alele of the chiefs and its taboo to show them to outsiders! Just like navigational chant of lorenwa which the chiefs of the ralik consider to be part of their alele and placed a taboo on it. So like I said carefull where you thread cause you are about to step in a real that is considered "lolañ an irooj ro".
  • Reaper and whoami,what is a alele? What is mo? What about lolan an irooj ro? Can either of you explain those terms?
  • REAP my brotha its the new age. Also I'm doing this in the name of pan micronesian. I'm aslo doing this in the name of knowledge and we can also benefit from them like them from us. I want to learn what they are using and if their methods are similar to ours. What's the big deal?
  • The big deal is brotha, who are you to decide? Are you a irooj? Are you a Aląp? Only the council of irooj are allowed by tradition and by the constitition to decide which item in the alele are allowed to be disseminated to outsiders,and only they can make and unmake mo's and only they are allowed to venture in the lolañ's. No commoner nor alaps can make and unmake the mo's,especially the latter. There is a reason why those rules were made and those rules are steeped in ancient traditions. Its called mantin aelon kein for a reason brotha! Remeber the mo's of the lolañ still apply in some of the islands in both ralik and ratak. Jõb rujê bein ak eo is a rule that is still observe to this day is also one of those reason why I implore your to thread carefully on this matter. Some of the lolañs in either jalooj and aelonglaplap and the ralik are still enforced till this day. I doubt you will break the lolañ in woja aelonglaplap and get away with it. Some people and some clan broke them and now they are jibakwe till this day. Remember what happen to a certain clan? I'm not gonna name it but this clan was the supreme chiefly clan in the ralik but it broke the mo of kabejen-karkar and it let do its demise and now members of this clan are jibakwe and are considered commoners now cause they broke that mo.

  • Micronesians now day use the "store" technique. That's where you go to a local market or store and select fishes from the racks. Works every time for me.
    LOL
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  • PawNStaR.

    I heard Kapingese and Nukuorans could stay under water with no modern breathing help for long periods of time.

    Do you practice deep dives to catch your fish too? That is in the deep freezers?

    Or, yo jus get dem fis fro da selves, stor selfs?

    No nid 2 dife. No nid 2 stp brithin'. Ancient techniques!
  • One old practice was liquifying a specific type of leave that provide anesthesia (make the fish loss its sensation). All what a person should do was to pour the prepared solution and patiently awaits for any fish to slowy emerge then bam, fish. Hehe. Well, that's one Kosraean way. Can't remember any. Good luck!! 
  • During the 1970s, I was taken to a small island and told to drink a specially prepared elixir mixed with coconuts. As I stood on the shore and watched, the old medicine man/shaman began to sing and dance, this went on for almost 30 minutes. Then I heard the older guys cheering and whistling loudly as we saw dolphins jumping and swimming in close to the shore of the small island.  

    Everyone who had drank the elixir was told to go out and swim (Bampap) with the dolphins, we were told that this was an ancient clan of dolphins who had blood ties to ours. That a long time ago before the white men came, we had been using dolphins as beasts of burden to toe our canoes, to fish for us, and to transport us short distances between the islands on their backs. 

    Now many years later, the shaman and all the old people who knew how to communicate with the dolphins are all gone. I am the only one left that knows how to prepare the elixir and to call dolphins. Everytime I go out on boats to fish outside the reef, there are always dolphins around my boat.  


  • spiritallyinsane,

    We can be friends Lol, I would like to learn your Dolphin calling before you bury it down with you someday. Maybe we can trade for something of equal value. 
  • spirituallyinsane,

    wow! almost like a fairy tale! please  share and let's revive the olden days and communicate with dolphins. Perhaps we can look toward much more brightful fishing days.

  • Man i hope the chuukese in the outer islands of chuuk could use these techniques and see if it works for them like it works for us in the marshall's for centuries...man screw this taboo shit. This is the internet no one owns or can tell anybody what and what not to post.
  • edited June 2014
    he survey and the video recordation sessions for this Project 
    were conducted in the atolls of Jaluit and Majuro. The combined number
    of people living on Majuro and Jaluit make up slightly over 50% of the
    whole RMI population. The residents in Jaluit Atoll still use, on a regular
    basis, one particular traditional fishing method that is not commonly used
    in the rest of the Marshall Islands. Jaluit is a suburban atoll, and although
    it has more regularly scheduled air transport, it still has a population
    that practice both modernized and traditional or adapted traditional fishing
    methods. The sharing of their fishing techniques is a pride in the ingenuity
    of their ancestors and their present day people. While the lagoon and the
    surrounding waters around Majuro do not have as many fish as in earlier days,
    Jaluit lagoon and ocean waters are filled with fish of many varieties. Jaluit
    is in the western chain of atolls and islands called the Ralik Chain, and Majuro
    is in the eastern chain called the Ratak Chain. Being the seat of government for
    the Republic, Majuro is home to people from throughout and outside the Marshall
    Islands. The Marshall Islands Fishing Tournament started in Majuro in 1983, and
    has become renowned regionally. It is a significant event because it has spurred
    the local interest in the art of fishing, and as a result has increased the
    availability of fish in the local markets. The RMI Government had declared July
    4th as Fisherman's Day, a holiday to honor and promote fishing.

    The traditional fishing methods use local materials that are still
    available at present day. However, a number of these materials and gears are
    being replaced by imported fishing lines, poles, spears, lures, motorboats, nets.
    In several instances of adaptations, the traditional fishing techniques have
    incorporated the use of imported items as in the case of the use of motor boat
    for such fishing method as Ekkonaak. There are instances whereby a fishing method
    such as Latibben or ilaarak is gradually being replaced by modern day trolling,
    especially in the urbanized atolls. Generally, the fishing methods have not really
    changed; and, to an extent, the imported fishing gears have enhanced the use of
    these techniques. The real change would be in the degree of compliance to the
    behavioral rules on fishing, and the level of wisdom gained resulting from the
    reliance on imported materials and cultures.

    2.2A number of the traditional fishing techniques can be categorized into
    several groupings. The major categories are social in nature, as they are communal
    (ekkonaak and alele, kottoor, jabbuk, ittuur, bopo) or individualized (latibben,
    ilaarak, rejeb, kadjo, eojjaak, urok, tuwa). They can also be categorized as
    ensnaring, a more-or-less passive type of fishing, hooking (which is a more active
    kind of fishing), or the combination of both (which is usually employed in the
    community or group type of fishing). The categorization of fishing methods can
    also relate to the habit of fish species since there are those species that swim
    in schools, and schools such as those of ikaidik (rainbow runner) and molmol,
    usually swim in and out of the channels or passes in an atoll. The varying habitat
    of fish also dictate the methods of fishing, whether it be the open ocean whereby
    migratory fish feed on plankton or smaller fish (like the live sardines), or it
    be a coral head or the flat reef wherein fish feed on seaweed, smaller fish, or
    other sea plants or animals within the reef or the coral ecosystems.

  • cooperation. It is about sharing of knowledge and values. 
    It is about promoting solidarity and feeling of self-worth
    among the male population in a community.5 The importance
    of observation and trying to understand the behavior of the
    fish or school of fish, their relationships to their
    environment, the understanding of their habitat - such study
    brought the Marshallese closer to his environment, and the
    rest of the inhabitants in such environment. Fishing is
    about being one with nature.

    I.Traditional Fishing Methods

    3.1. From the surveys conducted in Jaluit and in Majuro or
    taken from other sources, the total number of traditional
    fishing methods identified were twenty-five (25). These methods
    nclude the following: alele, lemweo, jabuk, ittur, jo/kottoor,
    ekkonaak, kadjo, rojeb, urok, eojjaak/rube om, kiij paal\
    ilaarak, tuwa/tuwe, latibben, umin wa, bopo, apep, kallolo,
    kabbij, ekkorkaak, jojo um, kakbo, lippin, wotak and juun bon6
    The surveys, videotaped interviews, and the reference materials
    used described fifteen (15) of these fishing methods. There are
    some fishing methods (as in ekkonaak, ittuur, bopo, kadjo) that
    are used to catch specific types of fish. The different fishing
    techniques range from the use of fishing line to the use of net,
    traps, spears, rope, and coconut fronds. These methods require
    the participation of many people (ekkonaak, alele), a group of
    persons (kottoor, jabuk, ittuur), or an individual (tuwa, eojjaak,
    urok). The sharing of the catch is always an important aspect of
    the whole fishing process.

    3.2Entrapping vs Hooking. Actually, there are few basic
    strategies used in capturing a school of fish or a fish in the
    Marshall Islands. One strategy is to encircle and trap fish
    before scooping them with nets. This strategy can also lay a
    trap which does not require the encirclement process, or use the
    scoop net to catch them in the air as in the case of the flying
    fish. The encirclement and trapping methods require no hooks and
    basically no lures. Another approach is to sink or throw out a
    line with hook, and another is to spear them. Group fishing requires
    good preparation, coordination, and collaboration; and, it provides
    opportunities for men to learn from each other, enjoy each other's
    company, and build solidarity. Catching fish with line and hooks, or
    individualized fishing, challenges the gaming spirit and skills of
    the fisherman, and the stratagem includes the selection of line, lure,
    hook, fishing ground, in addition to the art of "bringing" in the fish.

    3.3Entrapment. The entrapment of fish in the channels or close
    to shore usually requires the use of some of the following fishing
    gears at any one fishing expedition: mae, mwio, iia or coconut sennit,
    a net and/or spears. The mae is a boundary of piled up stones built
    in the shape of an arrow, a semi-circle, or an almost full circle that
    has an opening that will allow the fishermen to chase the fish in when
    the tide is going put. Mwio is made from a continuous line of coconut
    fronds twisted around a rope made from the bark of the hibiscus tree
    called lo (tied at
    ___________________________________________________________________
    5In the matrilineal system of the Marshallese People, fishing to men
    is like land is to women. Only men supposedly go fishing; it is their
    realm. The ownership of homeland, kabijuknen/lemoran, is inherited
    only through the mother.

    6There are other types of fishing not identified in the survey, and
    these include: keejrabol, kabbwil, kamomo.
  • edited June 2014
    ends with liok from the pandanus tree) in varying lengths as 
    called for by the various fishing methods. As for trapping
    fish in deeper waters, mostly inside the lagoon, traps called
    wu are used. The wu is like a tiny skeletal house constructed
    with twigs from trees like the hardwood tree called kone. On
    one side of the wu is a funnel-like opening that would allow
    the fish to swim inside but becomes like a maze confusing the
    fish from exiting.

    3.3.1Kottoor. Kottoor2 is a fishing method that a number
    of fishermen use particularly in the months of May and November,
    the seasons when mature schools of fish like molmol are known
    to swim in and out of the channels. This method is used to capture
    schools of fish in the mae (which are usually located in or close
    to channels) when the tide goes out. Some of the fishermen would
    actually run after the fish, chasing, or kade, them toward the
    entrance of the mae sometimes using coconut fronds or throwing
    rocks to help with the chase while guiding (kajual) the fish
    toward the mae trap. Once inside the mae the fish are scooped up
    with nets onto boats if not actually carried ashore while still
    inside the net. Aside from using the net to scoop up the fish,
    sometimes the fishermen spear the fish. The following fish, which
    usually swim in schools, can be captured through this fishing
    method and other snaring types of fishing (like alele, le-mwio,
    jabbuky ittuur) : molmol mera, ekmouj, ellok or mole, iol, kuban.

    3.3.2Alele.8 This is usually a major fishing event that is
    oftentimes led by the iroij, the chief. Thus, the alele requires
    many more people than required in a kottoor. While the mae is not
    needed, a very long mwio or two mwios and a net are indeed necessary.
    Preparation for this type of fishing is just as important as the
    fishing process itself. The work on the mwio the night before will
    ascertain that the mwio is long and strong (the armwe and liok well
    tied and the coconut fronds well twisted, ujaiki, and secured around
    the rope). In the early morning hours when the tide begins to ebb,
    the long mwio and the men form a long line surrounding (kebole) the
    school of fish. Traditionally, the men, with their hand-held circle
    of mwio clap (kabbuke) or hit the water surface while they await
    the ebbing of the tide. In other instances, two groups of fishermen,
    each group holding a mwio, encircle the fish from opposite sides of
    the school of fish. When a full circle is complete with the fish
    trapped inside, the whole system is then walked toward shallower water.
    The chief initiates the actual killing when he spears a fish and shouts
    out the word "Ebale." At such point, the fishermen kill the catch using
    net, spear, or machete. They set aside the share of the chief first
    before they take their own shares.

    3.3.3Le-mwio. The term literally means to use the mwio. This method is
    similar to alele but the mwios used are shorter. One group of fishermen
    run with one mwio chasing the school of fish toward the other mwio which
    is being held by the other group. Both groups then complete circling the
    fish with their mwios before they are caught or scooped with the net.

    ___________________________________________________________________________
    2 The meaning of kottoor is "to let it flow." The word toor, meaning "water
    flow," also means a "channel" where the water flows in and out of the lagoon.

    3 Alele means to attract and bring together. The l's in alele are pronounced
    differently from those in the name of the Alele Museum. Both words have different
    meanings. The latter is about a special kind of basket where family treasures are kept.





  • .3.4Ittuur 9. This method is used to catch the rabbitfish or
    mole/ellok10 only. This method is similar to le-mwio, however,
    the chase begins from deeper waters around a coral head where one
    group of fishermen dive between corals trying to guide the rabbitfish
    on top of the coral heads where the water is shallower and where the
    other mwio is being held by the other group. The coral heads are
    usually the bigger flat ones located at the middle of the lagoon.
    Once the school of rabbitfish is fully encircled, then a net is used
    to scoop up the fish and then load them onto a canoe or boat.

    3.3.5Jabbuk. This method, while similar to ittuur, is used for
    catching fish at the edge of the oceanside reef at high tide. Only
    four men can use this fishing method - two, the chasers, carrying
    the ends (ba ko) of the two mwios while the other two hold the other
    ends and the ends of the fishing net as well. The four men walk toward
    the sighted school of fish meeting the waves that bring in the fish
    toward the opening of the mwios and on to the net (called okin jabbuk
    or mejedik, which is also used for ittuur. The net, made from the
    aromwe tree bark, is tied at both ends to two pieces of wood). Fish
    like bejrok, iol, mera are usually caught in this kind of fishing.

    3.3.6Bopo. There are two ways to catch the flying fish: bopo and
    rejeb.11 Bopo (which means to catch) is done during the night. Torches
    made from old coconut fronds are used by the fishermen in their canoes
    to attract the fish. Once they fly toward the lights they are then
    caught with a pole net called ookin bopo, which is similar to a lacrosse.
    The pole, made from the hibiscus tree12, is about 10 feet long. In the
    northern islands, particularly the atoll of Ailuk, bopo is almost like a
    religion. It has a language of its own. There are several dances created
    to mirror the technique and the art for catching the flying fish. A special
    meal prepared only in Ailuk and called latuma, is made up mainly of the
    semi-cooked flying fish and the waini, the meat of the more mature coconut.

    3.3.7. Ekkonaak. This is a remarkable technique that is unique to the
    southern atolls, particularly the atoll of Jaluit. It requires a large
    number of fishermen, several boats, a long rope, and a scooping net.
    This is another fishing method that has its own "religion," meaning that
    it is based on a belief, it has its rules, and people are gathered to
    learn from each other and to enjoy each other as well. Ekkonaak is used
    only when catching ikaidik, the rainbow runner. The best time to use this
    fishing method is between May to August, preferably in the early morning
    hours. As stated earlier, a more detailed narrative on this technique is
    located at the latter part of this report.

    3.4 Hooking. As mentioned earlier, the more individualized methods of
    fishing are under this category. The use of a fishing pole is necessary
    with the fishing method of kadjo. The other fishing techniques that use
    fishing lines with hooks and lures are: rejeb, eojjaak/rube om, kiij

    9 "Tuur" means to dive for.


    10 The rabbitfish is called mole in the Ratak Chain, but in the Ralik Chain
    it is called ellok

    11 This method, rejeb, will be discussed under the "Hooking" section

    12 The hibiscus tree or the lo is commonly used due to its strength and
    light weight.




  • paal, urok, ilaarak, and latibben. The last two techniques are 
    used to catch pelagic, migratory fish like dolphinfish, marlin,
    tuna.

    3.4.1Kadjo. This method, which a fisherman uses from close
    the shore, is used only to catch the fish called jo or goatfish.
    This pole fishing method uses a different kind of fishook, the
    kind without the barbed tip. The time to fish is at dawn or dusk.
    The preparation of the bait involves the hunting for sand (ghost)
    and hermit crabs, crushing these two together and mix the mashed
    sticky crabs with sand. The whole mixture is rolled up into balls
    to fit the palm of the fisherman. Bits of the lure are thrown out
    into the water to begin attracting the fish and bring them closer
    to be within the reach of the poled line.13 The lure is held with
    one hand, while the pole is held with the other. Each time the pole
    is cast, the hook is baited. There is a constant rhythm of baiting,
    casting, pulling back, baiting, casting, pulling back... Whenever a
    fish is caught, it gets itself loose from the hook when the line is
    pulled back and lands on the shore. The fish gets loosen easily due
    to the hook not being barbed.

    3.4.2Rejeb. This is the other method for catching the flying
    fish but conducted at any time of the day close to shore on the
    oceanside of the leeward side of the island. The only bait used
    for this kind of fishing is taken from the sand or ghost crab.
    The shells of the crab's legs are peeled off, leaving the meat,
    which is then hooked to be used as bait. While on his canoe, the
    fisherman throws his line about 15 to 20 yards away. He then
    paddles his canoe with one hand while holding the line with the
    other. He pulls and releases the line as he paddles to allow the
    lure to catch the eye of the flying fish. Like the bopo, the
    fisherman chants while he fishes.

    3.4.3Eojjaak/Rube Om. For this method, the items needed are:
    a fishing line, a 2-3 inch hook, and a bait which could be a cut
    up fish meat or the lower (soft) part called raw of the hermit
    crab {om) that is attached to the hook. The remaining portion of
    the hermit crab is crushed (rube) and thrown into the water to
    lure the fish to the vicinity of the fishing line. The type of
    fish caught in this kind of fishing are: liele, kiro, or similar
    fish that live under and around the coral heads. Different kinds
    of fish prefer different kinds of lure. The size of the fish
    caught will also depend on the weight of the line and the size of
    the hook. This fishing method is done preferably in the evening.
    Depending on the vicinity of the coral heads, one may not need a
    boat to use this method of fishing because the line could be thrown
    from the shore.

    3 .4.4 Kiij Paal. This method takes place at the ridge toward or
    at the edge of the reef when the tide is coming in at any season.
    Line casting with or without the pole into the pools (kilone) of
    water along or within the ridge (paal) requires a strong 50-foot
    length line, fish skin or pieces of octopus for lure, and 2-3 inch
    hooks. The size of fish hooked (kiij) through the use of this method
    are usually 30-70 inches in length.

    3 .4.5 Urok. This bottom fishing method uses 1/2 to 1 inch fish hooks,
    and no pole is used. There are different kinds of lures that can be
    used, and these include: hermit crab, sardine, and ghost crab. Strong
    fishing line such as the traditional ones made from the armwe tree and
    lure such as the ones cut from the oyster shell are not commonly used
    nowadays. This method can be used at

    _____________________________________________________
    13 Attracting the fish by throwing bits of lure into the designated
    fishing area is called Alan in Marshallese. Anan is commonly used in
    a number of fishing methods.
  • any time of the day at any season at any tide. A canoe or boat 
    is needed since the fisherman may need to go far within or outside the lagoon.

    3.4.6Ilaarak. Trolling is a more popular type of fishing. The traditional
    method of trolling or ilaarak does not use pole. The lures used to catch the
    tuna fish are usually made from oyster shells (di), and the size of the fishooks
    varies from 2 1/2 to 3 inches in size. Schools of fish can be sighted easily by
    the sighting of bird flocks. While the canoe sails or the motorboat runs, the
    line is thrown, and the fisherman koraale or pulls and releases the line to
    both attract the fish to the lure and set the hook to be snapped up tightly by
    the fish before the line and fish are pulled in. This type of fishing is used
    during the daytime when the sea is not too rough. As it is with trolling, the
    fishing grounds are usually in the oceanside. A similar fishing method that
    takes place closer to shore is called ekkorkaak.

    3.4.7Latibben. This is a type of bottom fishing to catch pelagic fish such
    as as marlin or tuna. Traditionally, the line, made from the bark of the armwe
    tree that reaches down to 200 feet, is used for this fishing method. The hooks
    were carved from oyster shells (di) and the lures were the sardine family fish
    called mamo. Because the fish caught from this type of fishing could be very big
    and thus very strong like the marlin, special skills and stamina are important
    when catching such fish. The traditional experience and thus knowledge is that
    after running out the fisherman's line, and after dragging the fisherman long
    distances, the marlin will return to the spot where it was initially hooked
    after it has tired out and is ready to give up the fight.

    3.5 Spearing. Tuwa or tuwe is the Marshallese term used for spearfishing
    (made bu). The fish usually caught in this method of fishing range from mone
    to bilak, kwi, kobat, and many other varieties. The speared fish is not released
    at first, but is kept in its pierced pose since the fisherman uses it as a bait
    by holding it down next to the coral heads to attract the other fish. A fisherman
    can spearfish any time during the day or night (although there is more chance of
    catching more fish during the night), anytime of the year, except when there are
    storms. This type of fishing is popular at present time since it has been enhanced
    with the additional use of rubber, snorkels and fins, and even SCUBA diving gears.
    Lippin is similar to spearfishing; however, diving may not be necessary for this
    kind of fishing.

    4. The Religion of Fishing

    4.1 As mentioned earlier, the bopo and the ekkonaak have their own "religions."
    Fishing in general was a way of life. But these two fishing methods best depict
    the culture or the way of life that fishing can continue to be. While they are
    viewed as community events, only the men took part in the "rites." Because the
    survey did not include Ailuk and thus bopo was not one of the featured fishing
    techniques, this section will focus only on the ekkonaak fishing method.14 This
    method originated in Jaluit.15 The chant (rojen) for Ekkonaak is: "Konaak wa.
    Konaak armij.

    ______________________________________________________________________________
    14 A videotaped demonstration of ekkonaak accompanies this report.

    15 The article on Ekkonaak written by Atjang Paul with information provided by
    Jally Morris was used to support the recently collected data and information.
  • Konaak aoleb men." No one is not involved in this method, and everybody 
    will get his/her share of the catch.

    4.2This fishing method is based on the knowledge and belief that
    the iia16 rope held at a particular depth under water, is seen by the
    fish as a much bigger object. The iia will then prevent the ikaidik or
    the rainbow runners from swimming over and under. It is also a belief
    that when the fishermen hit the surface of the water (jourur), the
    ikaidik becomes confused and vomits out its food. The reactions of the
    fish weaken it, thereby easing its capture or preventing it from escaping.
    It is best that this fishing method takes place at dawn (although late
    afternoon is another time) during the summer months - June to August.

    4.3There are several important ekkonaak terms that need to be
    understood in order to fully comprehend the interplay that goes on
    during this fishing process:

    4.3.1Komen. This is the waiting stage when fishermen kaunaak17
    or look for schools of fish and await the arrival of the tiol.
    During this stage some of the aol or the baitfish could be seen
    jumping out the water. When this happens, the expression that is
    called out is "Kalleb kinji. "

    4.3.2Wak-ut eo. This the stage when the birds, baitfish, and
    ikaidik move in unison toward the coral head, and when it is near
    the coral head, the jargon becomes "Wak-ut eo jere" Lallu-awol is
    when the school wanders inside and outside the proper depth.

    4.3.3Tiol. This is a state of readiness (as well as the term used
    for the school of tiny live baitfish so-called aol) when the school of
    aol jumps on top of the coral head as as it tries to escape from the
    ikaidik or rainbow runner. This happens just when the sun (al) rises
    and sheds its first light. "Tiole maan ale en, lilije bok na ion wod"
    is the chant that accompanies and depicts this state of readiness.
    This chant calls for the rainbow runner to force the tiol on top of
    the coral head. Manlal is when the tiol has not risen to the surface
    of the water, and mwanar is when they are at the surface ready to be
    picked and pecked by the flock of birds overhead.

    4.3 .4 This is the time, mwanar, for the iia to be lowered into water
    that is about 12 feet deep. The aol have been killed by the birds,
    and those not picked float to the top of the water ready to be eaten
    by the ikaidik. The ikaidik feed on both live and the dead aol The
    fishermen surround the fish at this stage and begin hitting the surface
    of the water. This hitting and splashing is called

    ____________________________________________
    16 Ila is a Marshallese word for rainbow or beautiful. The greeting word,
    Iokwe, comes from two words - iia and kwe, literally meaning rainbow or
    beautiful you.

    17 Kaunaak is a fishing term when fishermen look for flocks of birds,
    since the presence of such would indicate the presence of schools of fish.
    Aak is the Marshallese name for frigate bird. "Jab kwoje bein aak" is a
    Marshallese teaching - meaning that you should not insult the generosity
    of the other by refusing his/her offer of food, for example. Menunaak is
    one of the roles of Marshallese women that depicts women as the ones
    responsible for feeding the family, just like a frigate bird that fishes
    for and feeds her youngs.
  • kade and jourur.18 As said earlier, when this happens, the ikaidik 
    empty their stomachs by vomiting the fish they just ate, and in so
    doing become weakened. In this state, the ikaidik is ready to be scooped.

    4.3.5 Depending on how big the school is, the iia is pulled to make
    the circle reach an appropriate and manageable size. This is necessary
    for better accommodation of both the fish and the fishermen. When the
    school is too big, a line is run diametrically, and this is called
    iakwodkwode. If the ekkonaak is big enough to be divided up into four
    parts, then it is estimated that there are about 1000 ikaidik in the
    whole unaak (school). The fish are scooped in parts onto a boat.

    4.4. There are rules that need to be followed before and during the
    fishing expedition. The following include those already identified in
    the Paul-Morris report. The Ekonaak rules are guides that can be applied
    toward the honing of characters for either sex actually.

    4 4.1 Jab Neen Uliej. A prohibition against going anywhere near a graveyard,
    and the temporary suspension of marital relations and other related activities.

    4.4.1 Jab Kajur Tiol The only fisherman allowed to stand in any canoe during
    the fishing process is the fishing master; all other fishermen must be seated
    or the school will not appear.

    4.4.2 Mejrobol. No fishermen is allowed to peep at the school of fish from
    under water, for they would become frightened and jump over the rainbow line,
    escaping across the surface of the
    water.

    4.4.3 Eljenenro. The fishing master must be very selective in choosing the
    school of fish to be surrounded, and once his selection is made, he must stick
    with that school until it has been captured or has escaped.

    4.4.4. Tilborbor. The line must be carefully handled by all fishermen to prevent
    it from sinking in the shallow fishing area, thus allowing the fish to escape
    over the line in the case of Mejrobol."

    4.4.5 Jab Tuak 'lo Bati. Bati, like a big dug-out shallow well, is a like taro
    patch. No one is allowed to wade into these bati. It is believed that the water
    inside the ekkonaak will become murky if the people on land should go into these
    bati.

    4.5. As aptly put by Paul and Morris, Ekkonaak is "universally unique because
    of its psychological effectiveness and simplicity...The technique has withstood
    the test of time...is a truly ingenious fishing technique which shows the
    profound understanding by the early Marshallese fishermen of the sea life that
    they lived with so intimately." Their view of the fishing technique captures the
    religiousness of it when they continued and stated that: "The Rainbow Runner is
    a very beautiful fish, as a rainbow is beautiful, and the Marshallese have always
    had a deep appreciation for the beauty of their environment and all the forms of
    life around them"

    ________________________________________________________________________________
    18 Kade literally means to throw a stone at, and jourur means thunder.
  • I hope you outer islanders in Chuuk used these methods and holler back if they work.
  • im gonna try the latibeen and ilaraak and see if it works.
  • Hope you get some.
  • How about laid, keik, die kemeik, kasar, kehmwemw, tie kopil, pik masaht, sei elimong, uhpaup, kosoke mai, duhse, epiep, kamwer, kehmad and so forth for Pohnpei.
  • imageold techniques are still in use today
  • The techniques are still in use.100% alive and well.
  • The Arno helicopter technique is the best. It makes your eyes roll back into your skull every time..lol




  • @Militegu/Do you always talk smack about people's culture?.
  • @Militegu/Least we invented a genius way to navigate the vast ocean.No other island society was able to do that.
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