ISAIAH CHAPTER 40: 21-30 ( what does it mean)

Can someone try to explain to me what isaiah is trying to say? What is he trying to explain? Is it isaiah talking or God? What year did he wrote this? Can someone explain to me in a way that i can understand on verse 21-30?



  • edited September 2016
    i believe micoxaen, that everyone has their own views on these verses and the better way for you is to read these verses and try to understand them you own way. Its better that way cause if everyone will share their insights of these verses it'll confuses you. As far as whose talking in the bible? I would say God is talking to his prophets to wrote what he would want his children/people to do. So I would say that everything that has written in the bible is inspired by God.
  • The book of Isaiah is centered on the Babylonian exile, which began in 586 B.C. when Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylonia destroyed Jerusalem and the temple and enslaved the Jewish people. The exile ended in 539 B.C. when Cyrus of Persia allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem and to rebuild their temple. The book of Isaiah makes it clear that Nebuchadrezzar was Yahweh's (God's) instrument to punish the Jewish people for their sins, and Cyrus will be Yahweh's instrument to set them free––to redeem them.

    Chapters 1-39 warn of God's judgment if the people place their trust in secular rulers rather than in God. Chapters 40-55 lift up the promise of redemption for a people who are experiencing the judgment about which the prophet warned in the earlier chapters. Chapters 56-66 deal with the return of the Jews to Jerusalem and the rebuilding of the city and the temple.

    Isaiah 40:1-11 begins the chapter with a promise of comfort and deliverance. Recalling Yahweh's covenant promises, these verses assure that, "the word of our God stands forever" (v. 8). They picture Yahweh as a shepherd who feeds his flock and carries the lambs in his arms (v. 11).

    Verses 12-26 promise that Yahweh has the power necessary to deliver his people. These verses open with a series of questions, such as, "Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand," that remind the exiles of Yahweh's majesty. They say that "the nations are like a drop in a bucket" (v. 15) and the inhabitants of the earth, from Yahweh's perspective, "are like grasshoppers" (v. 22). They invite the exiles to lift up their eyes to the heavens and to know that Yahweh knows every star's name––that every star takes its place at Yahweh's command (v. 26).

    Verses 27-31 promise that "those who wait for Yahweh will renew their strength (and) will mount up with wings like eagles" (v. 31).

    These verses, then, call the exiles to faith in the midst of the humiliation of their everyday servitude––a kind of slavery that they have endured for almost five decades. These exiles know that they are powerless against the master-nation, Babylonia. This chapter assures them that Yahweh is not powerless. Yahweh has both the will and the power to redeem them.
  • So, why is Isaiah speaking in parables? Why is he speaking like this? What is he trying to tell us? In order for us to understand, what is Isaiahs message?

    Rather than talking about each verse, can you explain it to me in detail?
  • Here you go, microxaen:

    "Haven't you known? Haven't you heard, yet? Haven't you been told from the beginning? Haven't you understood from the foundations of the earth?" (v. 21).

    In this chapter, it is often difficult to know who is speaking or who is being addressed. In these verses, the speaker could be Yahweh, the heavenly host, or the prophet. The people being addressed are the exiles––the Jewish people in Babylon.

    In this verse, the voice asks four rhetorical questions designed to remind the exiles that they have known Yahweh––that they have heard about Yahweh through their scriptures and their prophets and their history. These questions remind the exiles that it has been told to them from the beginning––from the foundations of the earth––from the moment that "God created the heavens and the earth."

    They know that God said, "Let there be light," and there was light" (Genesis 1:1-3). They know the power of God's creative word.

    They know the story and are capable of reciting the steps of creation. They know that God created human life on the last day of the creation––and that "God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good" (Genesis 1:31). They know about sin––its beginnings in the Garden of Eden (Genesis 3) and its place in their own lives.

    They know about God's call to Abram––and the covenant that God established with Abram (Genesis 12:1-3). They know about the birth of Israel in Egypt––of the four centuries of slavery that the descendants of Jacob endured in Egypt. They know about Moses––how God used Moses to set his people free.

    They know how the Israelites sinned in the wilderness and were forced to endure forty years of wandering in that land that most of us would describe as "God-forsaken"––except that it was not God-forsaken at all. They know how God led his people through the wilderness by a pillar of smoke by day and a pillar of fire by night. They know how he fed them with manna from the sky and water from a rock.

    They know how God enabled Israel to enter the Promised Land and to establish a nation there. They know how the Israelites were dissatisfied because they had no human king like other nations––how they rejected God's kingship by demanding a human king. They knew how their human kings led them––and how they failed them.

    They know how Israel rejected the advice of God's prophets––how they decided to rely on alliances with ungodly nations instead of relying on Yahweh. They know how that led to the destruction of Jerusalem and the enslavement of its inhabitants––the enslavement of these exiles who are now being addressed.

    Do they know? Yes! Have they heard? Yes! Has it been told to them from the beginning? Yes! Have they understood from the foundations of the earth? Yes! Yes, of course!

    But they need to be reminded. They need to be reminded that God has been powerful and faithful from beginning to end. They need to be reminded of the circumstances that resulted in their enslavement. They need to be reminded that Israel has suffered before and that suffering was not the end––that God freed them––redeemed them––brought them back. They need to be reminded of all those things, because God is about to do it again. Their lives might appear to be hopeless, but that is not the case at all.
    If these exiles were dependent on their own power, they would be slaves forever. But they are dependent, not on their own power, but on God's.

    The next verses will give these exiles a God's-eye view––will assure them that Yahweh "calls them all by name, by the greatness of his might, and because he is strong in power" (v. 26) ­­–– will promise that "those who wait for Yahweh will renew their strength (and) will mount up with wings like eagles" (v. 31).

    EAGLES, no less! How these exiles have envied the eagles for their freedom and their power. How they have wished that they had wings to fly away from their imprisonment. How they have wished that they could soar above the ground majestically and travel beyond the grasp of their captors.

    But the power of eagles is nothing compared to Yahweh's power––and it is Yahweh who is about to empower these exiles. That is the promise.

    Do they know? Yes! Have they heard? Yes! Has it been told to them from the beginning––from the foundations of the earth? Yes! But they need to be reminded. These four questions call them to remember.

    NEXT; "It is he who sits above the circle of the earth" (v. 22a).
  • Isaiah was using imagery that his readers would merely understand. He was trying to tell his readers that God is the supreme ruler and creator of everything. God is like a King sitting above the circle (earth) (Job 26:10, Pro. 8:27) and over His people who by comparison seem like grasshoppers. The heavens (the sky) are picture as a tent for Him to live in.

    God, Who cannot be compared to anyone or anything knows everything about His creation and sustains it. His strength, He created and also controls million and millions of stars, each one which is He amazingly named. (Ps 147:4). Isaiah's readers were under the threat of Assyria. So Isaiah encouraged the people to remember that God never relaxed and that he is watching His people. Among Isaiah's original readers those who hope in the Lord were believers who remained faithful to God. They were the ones who would be restored. For his readers in captivity Isaiah was probably speaking of a national refreshing when the captives would be released and would return to their land. Even though in captivity they were weary the Lord would help them endure and soar ... like eagles, to be uplifted emotionally and spiritually.

    God's people should never think He has forgotten them. God is watching over the believers who are true to him.
  • He also waited for the people during days of Noah at the door of (Ark) mercy shut by the angel of God, only eight people were saved. So, that is why God would never do something without warning His people what they need to do first. Isaiah speaking on behalf of God through inspiration of the holy spirit, The only time God spoke and wrote wrote in the bible with is fingers the Ten Commandments on the two tablets of stone and gave it to Moses and at the wall of the king Nabuchadnazar son party.
  • Three times the Bible mentions God writing with His finger: (1) The Tables of Stones containing the Ten Commandments; (2) At the party of King Belshazzar; and, (3) When Jesus wrote on the ground when the Pharisees brought the woman caught in adultery to Jesus.

    God's people keep forgetting about Him whenever they feel proud and depend on themselves and therefore put God aside. When this happens, they get into trouble because they have placed themselves out of God's protective reach. But then God reminds them that He is merciful and kind and loving and that if His people turn back to Him, He will take care of them and take them out of their problems.
  • share biblical prove to what you've just mentioned my friend TT.
  • Oops missed that one TT. I guess like pekalong always referred to and which I believe it is true that I am only a human who is not immune to make mistakes. Right? But, again that is why we must always rely on the power of God so that we can learned from our mistakes of the past and keep on moving ahead knowing where or which way to take our leap next in this life. God bless.
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