Rainfall in RMI overall has steadily declined over the last 45 years

The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is a large-ocean state with a total land area of only 182 square km, spread across over two million square kilometers of ocean. There are 24 inhabited atolls and islands, which are mostly remote and lie merely 2 metres above sea level on average. There are no rivers, streams or lakes in RMI and the number of small surface ponds is very limited.

Based on data from two rainfall recording stations operational since 1945 and 1955, the rainfall in RMI overall has steadily declined over the last 45 years.

Warming trends are evident, with mean temperatures showing a statistically significant upward trend. Data indicates the number of warm days is increasing and cool nights decreasing (recorded by stations at Majuro and Kwajalein).

Historic observation data indicate that the sea level has risen near Majuro by about 7mm per year since 1993. This is larger than the global average of 2.8–3.6 mm per year.

King tides (very high spring tides that typically occur between November to March – not the result of storm surge) are a common phenomenon in RMI and the consistent inundation from tides and tidal/storm surge flooding compromises groundwater as a potential drinking and cooking water source.

For more information on the project, titled ‘Addressing Climate Vulnerability in the Water Sector (ACWA) in the Marshall Islands’ , please click visit https://www.adaptation-undp.org/projects/GCF/marshallislands/water

Photos available upon request.

About the Green Climate Fund

The Green Climate Fund is a global fund created to support the efforts of developing countries to respond to the challenge of climate change. GCF helps developing countries limit or reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to climate change. It seeks to promote a paradigm shift to low-emission and climate-resilient development, taking into account the needs of nations that are particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts.

About the United Nations Development Programme

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in nearly 170 countries and territories, we offer global perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations.

UNDP was one of the first organisations accredited by the Green Climate Fund in 2015 and is one of the largest brokers of climate change grant support to developing countries.

For Further Details:

Jose Padilla | Regional Technical Advisor (Water, Coastal, Marine) | UNDP Bangkok Regional Hub | E. jose.padilla@undp.org

Merana Kitione | Communications Officer, Resilience and Sustainable Development Team | UNDP Pacific Office in Fiji | E: merana.kitione@undp.org | Ph. (679) 3227 579


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